What are Muscle Relaxants?

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rose pills in plastic packThe muscle spasms that cause pain and immobility are alleviated through the use of meds called muscle relaxers. These drugs primarily work by relaxing the muscles and eliminating the contraction which causes discomfort and cramps.

Each of the pills belonging to this group has its own sedative property. Doctors make a distinction between muscle spasms which are unintentional, episodic twitchings of the muscle, and muscle spasticity – constant rigidity which prevents normal muscle motions. Depending on the type of the muscular pain, different muscle relaxers are prescribed.

These medications do not affect the muscular tissue directly, though. They rather block the sensory neurons and disable the neuro-muscular connection thus preventing the feeling of pain. Anesthetics used during surgeries are actually muscle relaxants because they block the nerve impulses to the brain.

Centralized muscle relaxants have a direct effect and they treat cerebral and spinal palsy. Myalgia is also one of the most common conditions cured by these drugs. Midsummer and Mefedol belong to this group of pills.

These include two types of prescription medicines: Antispasmodics and Antispastics.

Antispastics

These muscle relaxers suppress the spasms and they include Baclofen, Lorzone, Carisoprodol, Dantrolene, Diazepam, and many others. The majority of those medications work by relieving musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), including spine injuries, acute muscle pain, or stiffness. Brand names of antispasmodics include Valium, Dantrium, and Lioresal.

Antispasmodics

Skeletal muscle relaxants (also called muscle relaxants/SMRs) are usually called Antispasmodics. These medicines ease the pain felt through muscle contractions and they directly affect the muscle tissue. Metaxalone, Tizanidine and their respective brand names – Metaxall and Zanaflex are only some of the pills used to fight muscle pain.

Muscle relaxants used to alleviate back pain/neck pain

Whiplash, fibromyalgia, or low back strain can be extremely agonizing and they are felt in the neck and back. The movement of the muscle is disabled and the strain causes discomfort or severe pain. Sometimes, a specialist may prescribe a regular painkiller because it may also alleviate pain. However, sometimes a pain may persist so muscle relaxants such as Baclofen (Lioresal), Carisoprodol (Soma), Cyclobenzaprine (Amrix), Metaxalone (Skelaxin), and Methocarbamol (Robaxin).

Adverse Effects of Muscle Relaxers

Adverse effects of these pills include allergies, nausea, sickness, lethargy and sluggishness, low blood pressure, headaches, indigestion, or kidney failure. Because muscle relaxers depress your CNS, they make us less agile and focused. The use of alcohol is strictly prohibited as it may lead to an unwanted chemical reaction. These medications may interact with some supplements and St. John’s wort. Always notify your doctor about any other substances you are using. Overdosing on any muscle relaxer may result in a life-threatening condition.

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